James Madison University

Lincoln Gray, Ph.D.


  • Office: HBS 1018
  • Phone: 540-568-8154
  • Email: graylc@jmu.edu
  • Mailing Address:
    MSC 4304
    235 Martin Luther King Jr Way
    Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807


  • Ph.D. Michigan State University

Teaching Areas:

  • Neuroanatomy and Neurogenic Communication Disorders, annually for undergraduates.
  • Research in Communication Sciences, annually for Au.D. students.
  • Strategies for Making Sense of Complex and Variable Data, Advanced Seminar in CSD, in a rotation of courses for Ph.D. students.
  • Supervision of Au.D. and Ph.D. dissertations.

Research Areas:

  • Development of Hearing in Mice and Quail
  • Auditory Processing in Children with ADHD and Dyslexia
  • Emergence of stereo hearing in surgical patients given a newly functional ear
  • Mathematical models of spreading diseases and our attempts to prevent that spread
  • Psychophysical scaling methods in educational evaluation

Research Web Pages

Current and Ongoing Research Projects:

  • Effects of genetic differences in mice on hearing and vocalizations
  • Effects of early conductive hearing loss on human stereo hearing
  • Effects of early trauma, toxins, and nutrition on hearing
  • Effects of distracting background sounds, especially on subjects with attention deficits.
  • Peer review, learning to observe and to listen, and standardized patient exams in graduate education
  • Interactive visualizations of when and where oral and breast cancers recur, how both pandemics and our attempts to protect the Homeland ‘spread’.

Publications (last five years)

Schick, K., Hunter, C., Gray, L., and Poe, N. Writing in Action: Scholarly Writing Groups and Faculty Development, Journal on Centers for Teaching and Learning (in press)

Gray, L. Making Sense of Messy Data through Constructed Cartography of Functional Distances.  In Kovacic, S (ed).  Solving Wicked Problems.  Springer, in press.

Gray, L.  Chapters on Auditory and Vestibular Systems for On-line Neuroscience Text: http://nba.uth.tmc.edu/neuroscience/ 2007-present.

Gray. L., McCabe, J. Bernstein D. Constructed Charts of Vaccination Strategies. Health Informatics Journal  16 (1): 25-34, 2010.Gray, L., Kesser, B., and Cole, E. Detection of Speech in Noise after Correction of Congenital Unilateral Aural Atresia: Effects of age in the emergence of binaural squelch but not in use of head-shadow. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 73: 1281–1287, 2009.

Morton, R.P., Gray, L., Tandon, D.A., Izzard, M., McIvor, M.P., Efficacy of Neck Dissection: Are Surgical Volumes Important? Laryngoscope.  119(6): 1147-1152, 2009.

Noftsinger, J., Newbold, K., Gray, L. Delp, B.  2008. An Innovative Approach to Studying Migration: Applying Functional Mapping to Examine Global Migration Trends.  Forum on Public Policy. http://forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivesum07/noftsinger.pdf.
Cooper, P.M.; Capo K.; Mathes B; Gray, L. One Authentic Early Literacy Practice and Three Standardized Tests: Can a Storytelling Curriculum Measure Up?  Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 28(3): 251 – 275, 2007. (runner-up for best paper of the year in this journal)

Barreto, E.D. Morris, B.H., Philbin, M.K., Gray, L.C., Lasky, R.E. Do Former Preterm Infants Remember and Respond to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Noise? Early Human Development 82(11):703-7, 2006.

Philbin, M.K, Hilton, J.C, Gray, L. The Effects of the Acoustic Environment of the NICU on Infants and Adults. eNeonatal Review, 2006 6:3.

Lurie, D.I, Brooks, D.M., Gray, L. The Effect of Lead on the Avian Auditory Brainstem. Neurotoxicology. 27: 108-17, 2006.
Hilton, J.C.  Gray, L.  Infusing evidence-based practice into university clinical training programs.  Report on Emotional Behavioral Disorders in Youth 6(4): 75-93, 2006.

National and International Conference Presentations (last five years)

Gray L, Evans S, Miller B. Measuring and ameliorating auditory impulsivity in children with ADHD. Invited Presentation to 12th Asia-Oceania Otolaryngology Congress, Auckland, NZ 2011.

Gray L, Kesser B, Cole E. Understanding speech in noise after surgery for congenital unilateral aural atresia.  Invited Presentation to 12th Asia-Oceania Otolaryngology Congress, Auckland, NZ 2011.

Gray L, Miller S, Evans S, Training children with ADHD to become less impulsive in a central masking threshold task. Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2011.

Belzner K, Gray L, Dhar S, Ryals B. DPOAE generation source analysis in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica).  Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2011.

Kesser B, Gray L, Hildebrand D. Acoustic reflexes in aural atresia patients:  An intact efferent system?  Combined Triologic Association, 2011.

Gray L.  Auditory distractibility and attention deficit disorders.  Invited Grand Rounds, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Maryland, March 2010.

Morton, RM Gray L et al..  Neck Dissection: A 'Volume-Sensitive' Procedure.  63rd Annual General and Scientific Meeting of the New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, March 2010.

Gray, L. Constituents before continua after corrected unilateral hearing loss.  Invited presentation to Hearing Research Group.  Boston University/MIT 2009.

Gray. L. Vulnerable listeners are abnormally distracted by unpredictable backgrounds and details.  2 hour Keynote Presentation. 39th MidSouth Conference on Communication Disorders, Memphis, TN, 2009.

Belzner,K.A., Ryals, B.M., & Gray, L.C. (2009). Sources of variability in DPOAE in normal adult Coturnix quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) [Abstract].  American Auditory Society.  Scottsdale, AZ.

Gaven, J., Lickliter, R., and Gray, L. Bobwhite Hatchlings as Subjects for Developmental Psychoacoustics. International Neuropsychological Society, 2009

Belzner, K, Ryals, B and Gray L Changes in DPOAE and ABR Responses following hair cell regeneration American Auditory Society Bulletin, 33(1)17 2008.

Gray, L., McCabe, J., Bernstein, D. Functional mapping of disease mitigation strategies.  Solving Wicked Problems, Managing and Engineering Complex Situations (MECS) 2007 Conference

Noftsinger, J., Newbold, K., Gray, L. Deltp, B.  An Innovative Approach to Studying Migration: Applying Functional Mapping to Examine Global Migration Trends.  Oxford Roundtable (UK) 2007.

Shih, L., Kodali, S., Darby, E., Nettimi, T., & Gray, L. Cancer Metastasis Prediction for Effective Blocking via Back-propagation.  International Symposium on Bio-Medical Informatics and Cybernetics (BMIC), 2007.

Belzner, K. Seal, B.C., Nussbaum, D, Scott, S. Waddy-Smith, B, & Gray, L.  Sign Movements Predict Consonant Acquisition in Young Children with Implants, ASHA 2007.

Seal, B. Nussbaum, D. Scott, S. Waddy-Smith, B. Belzner, K. Gray, L. Trajectories Of Spoken And Sign Language Development In Implanted Children From Total Communication Programs, 11th International Conference on Cochlear Implants in Children, 2007

Skubicz, K. C., Seal, B. C., & Gray, L. Short-Term Auditory Stimulation through Contralateral Hearing Aid Use in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users.  11th International Conference on Cochlear Implants in Children, 2007

Gray, L., & Ryals, B. Antibiotic Injections (Hair-Cell Death and Regeneration) Delay Development of High Frequency Sensitivity and Vocal Behaviors in Hatchling Chicks. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol, Abstracts, 2007.

Seal, B. C.,  Ward, K., Acker, B., Hilton, J. C., Gray, L., & Marler, J. Hand Preference in Communicative Gestures of Young Children With Autism.  Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006

Skubicz, K. C., Seal, B. C., & Gray, L. Short-Term Contralateral Hearing Aid Use in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users.  .  Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006

Seal, B. C., Belzner, K., Gray, L., Nussbaum, D., & Scott, S.  Children with Cochlear Implants: A Goodness-of-Fit Demographic Model. Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006

Philbin, M.K. and Gray, L.: Chautauqua on Sound, 19th Annual Graven Conference on the Physical and Developmental Environment of the High Risk Infant” Human Factors and Research in the NICU, 2006.

Gray, L: In Unpredictable Listening Conditions Lead-Exposed Chicks Respond Similarly to Children with Attention-Deficit Disorders.  Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol, Abstracts, 2006.


  • March 6-10 
    Spring Break
    Classes do not meet
  • May 4-6 
    Commencement Ceremonies
Information about Labs