James Madison University

Lincoln Gray, Ph.D.


PHOTO: Lincoln Gray
  • Office: HBS 1018
  • Phone: 540-568-8154
  • Email: graylc@jmu.edu
  • Mailing Address:
    MSC 4304
    235 Martin Luther King Jr Way
    Harrisonburg, VA 22807


  • Ph.D. Michigan State University

Teaching Areas:

  • Neuroanatomy and Neurogenic Communication Disorders, annually for undergraduates.
  • Research in Communication Sciences, annually for Au.D. students.
  • Strategies for Making Sense of Complex and Variable Data, Advanced Seminar in CSD, in a rotation of courses for Ph.D. students.
  • Supervision of Au.D. and Ph.D. dissertations.

Research Areas:

  • Development of Hearing in Mice and Quail
  • Auditory Processing in Children with ADHD and Dyslexia
  • Emergence of stereo hearing in surgical patients given a newly functional ear
  • Mathematical models of spreading diseases and our attempts to prevent that spread
  • Psychophysical scaling methods in educational evaluation

Research Web Pages

Current and Ongoing Research Projects:

  • Effects of genetic differences in mice on hearing and vocalizations
  • Effects of early conductive hearing loss on human stereo hearing
  • Effects of early trauma, toxins, and nutrition on hearing
  • Effects of distracting background sounds, especially on subjects with attention deficits.
  • Peer review, learning to observe and to listen, and standardized patient exams in graduate education
  • Interactive visualizations of when and where oral and breast cancers recur, how both pandemics and our attempts to protect the Homeland ‘spread’.

Publications (last five years)

  • Schick, K., Hunter, C., Gray, L., and Poe, N. Writing in Action: Scholarly Writing Groups and Faculty Development, Journal on Centers for Teaching and Learning (in press)
  • Gray, L. Making Sense of Messy Data through Constructed Cartography of Functional Distances.  In Kovacic, S (ed).  Solving Wicked Problems.  Springer, in press.
  • Gray, L.  Chapters on Auditory and Vestibular Systems for On-line Neuroscience Text: http://nba.uth.tmc.edu/neuroscience/ 2007-present.
  • Gray. L., McCabe, J. Bernstein D. Constructed Charts of Vaccination Strategies. Health Informatics Journal  16 (1): 25-34, 2010.Gray, L., Kesser, B., and Cole, E. Detection of Speech in Noise after Correction of Congenital Unilateral Aural Atresia: Effects of age in the emergence of binaural squelch but not in use of head-shadow. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 73: 1281–1287, 2009.
  • Morton, R.P., Gray, L., Tandon, D.A., Izzard, M., McIvor, M.P., Efficacy of Neck Dissection: Are Surgical Volumes Important? Laryngoscope.  119(6): 1147-1152, 2009.
  • Noftsinger, J., Newbold, K., Gray, L. Delp, B.  2008. An Innovative Approach to Studying Migration: Applying Functional Mapping to Examine Global Migration Trends.  Forum on Public Policy. http://forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivesum07/noftsinger.pdf.
    Cooper, P.M.; Capo K.; Mathes B; Gray, L. One Authentic Early Literacy Practice and Three Standardized Tests: Can a Storytelling Curriculum Measure Up?  Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 28(3): 251 – 275, 2007. (runner-up for best paper of the year in this journal)
  • Barreto, E.D. Morris, B.H., Philbin, M.K., Gray, L.C., Lasky, R.E. Do Former Preterm Infants Remember and Respond to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Noise? Early Human Development 82(11):703-7, 2006.
  • Philbin, M.K, Hilton, J.C, Gray, L. The Effects of the Acoustic Environment of the NICU on Infants and Adults. eNeonatal Review, 2006 6:3.
  • Lurie, D.I, Brooks, D.M., Gray, L. The Effect of Lead on the Avian Auditory Brainstem. Neurotoxicology. 27: 108-17, 2006.
    Hilton, J.C.  Gray, L.  Infusing evidence-based practice into university clinical training programs.  Report on Emotional Behavioral Disorders in Youth 6(4): 75-93, 2006.

National and International Conference Presentations (last five years)

  • Gray L, Evans S, Miller B. Measuring and ameliorating auditory impulsivity in children with ADHD. Invited Presentation to 12th Asia-Oceania Otolaryngology Congress, Auckland, NZ 2011.
  • Gray L, Kesser B, Cole E. Understanding speech in noise after surgery for congenital unilateral aural atresia.  Invited Presentation to 12th Asia-Oceania Otolaryngology Congress, Auckland, NZ 2011.
  • Gray L, Miller S, Evans S, Training children with ADHD to become less impulsive in a central masking threshold task. Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2011.
  • Belzner K, Gray L, Dhar S, Ryals B. DPOAE generation source analysis in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica).  Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2011.
  • Kesser B, Gray L, Hildebrand D. Acoustic reflexes in aural atresia patients:  An intact efferent system?  Combined Triologic Association, 2011.
  • Gray L.  Auditory distractibility and attention deficit disorders.  Invited Grand Rounds, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Maryland, March 2010.
  • Morton, RM Gray L et al..  Neck Dissection: A 'Volume-Sensitive' Procedure.  63rd Annual General and Scientific Meeting of the New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, March 2010.
  • Gray, L. Constituents before continua after corrected unilateral hearing loss.  Invited presentation to Hearing Research Group.  Boston University/MIT 2009.
  • Gray. L. Vulnerable listeners are abnormally distracted by unpredictable backgrounds and details.  2 hour Keynote Presentation. 39th MidSouth Conference on Communication Disorders, Memphis, TN, 2009.
  • Belzner,K.A., Ryals, B.M., & Gray, L.C. (2009). Sources of variability in DPOAE in normal adult Coturnix quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) [Abstract].  American Auditory Society.  Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Gaven, J., Lickliter, R., and Gray, L. Bobwhite Hatchlings as Subjects for Developmental Psychoacoustics. International Neuropsychological Society, 2009
  • Belzner, K, Ryals, B and Gray L Changes in DPOAE and ABR Responses following hair cell regeneration American Auditory Society Bulletin, 33(1)17 2008.
  • Gray, L., McCabe, J., Bernstein, D. Functional mapping of disease mitigation strategies.  Solving Wicked Problems, Managing and Engineering Complex Situations (MECS) 2007 Conference
  • Noftsinger, J., Newbold, K., Gray, L. Deltp, B.  An Innovative Approach to Studying Migration: Applying Functional Mapping to Examine Global Migration Trends.  Oxford Roundtable (UK) 2007.
  • Shih, L., Kodali, S., Darby, E., Nettimi, T., & Gray, L. Cancer Metastasis Prediction for Effective Blocking via Back-propagation.  International Symposium on Bio-Medical Informatics and Cybernetics (BMIC), 2007.
  • Belzner, K. Seal, B.C., Nussbaum, D, Scott, S. Waddy-Smith, B, & Gray, L.  Sign Movements Predict Consonant Acquisition in Young Children with Implants, ASHA 2007.
  • Seal, B. Nussbaum, D. Scott, S. Waddy-Smith, B. Belzner, K. Gray, L. Trajectories Of Spoken And Sign Language Development In Implanted Children From Total Communication Programs, 11th International Conference on Cochlear Implants in Children, 2007
  • Skubicz, K. C., Seal, B. C., & Gray, L. Short-Term Auditory Stimulation through Contralateral Hearing Aid Use in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users.  11th International Conference on Cochlear Implants in Children, 2007
  • Gray, L., & Ryals, B. Antibiotic Injections (Hair-Cell Death and Regeneration) Delay Development of High Frequency Sensitivity and Vocal Behaviors in Hatchling Chicks. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol, Abstracts, 2007.
  • Seal, B. C.,  Ward, K., Acker, B., Hilton, J. C., Gray, L., & Marler, J. Hand Preference in Communicative Gestures of Young Children With Autism.  Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006
  • Skubicz, K. C., Seal, B. C., & Gray, L. Short-Term Contralateral Hearing Aid Use in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users.  .  Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006
  • Seal, B. C., Belzner, K., Gray, L., Nussbaum, D., & Scott, S.  Children with Cochlear Implants: A Goodness-of-Fit Demographic Model. Amer. Speech-Language and Hearing Assoc. 2006
  • Philbin, M.K. and Gray, L.: Chautauqua on Sound, 19th Annual Graven Conference on the Physical and Developmental Environment of the High Risk Infant” Human Factors and Research in the NICU, 2006.
  • Gray, L: In Unpredictable Listening Conditions Lead-Exposed Chicks Respond Similarly to Children with Attention-Deficit Disorders.  Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol, Abstracts, 2006.